What Really is Flipped Classroom
Read Time: 13 minutes, 57 seconds
Posted on Mon, Mar 23 2020
the traditional model of classroom instruction, the teacher is typically the
central focus of a lesson and the primary source of information during the
class period. With this style of instruction, individual lessons may be focused
on an explanation of content using a lecture style. Learners engagement in the
traditional model may be limited to activities in which learners work
independently or in small groups on task designed by the teacher. Class
discussions are typically centered on the teacher, who controls the flow of the
conversation. The reverse seems to be the case for a flipped classroom model.
this article, we’ll delve into what a flipped classroom model is, how to
implement a flipped classroom model and highlight some of its benefits. We’ll
also take a look at the challenges associated with the flipped classroom model and
explore how you can effectively use the flipped classroom strategy to achieve
meaningful and impactful learning.
is flipped classroom
flipped classroom is a type of blended learning where learners
are introduced to content at home and practice working through it in the
classroom. Unlike the traditional model of classroom that involves introducing
new content in the classroom, then assigning homework and projects to completed
by the learners independently at home. The flipped classroom model does the
opposite. The traditional lecture material moves outside the classroom and
traditional reinforcement and homework moves back in.
flipped classrooms, learners review lecture materials before class as homework.
In-class time is dedicated to discussions, interactive exercises, and
independent work (class work) that would have previously been completed at home
(as homework) — all under the guidance of the teacher, who is present and
available to respond to any questions that may arise. The materials reviewed
prior to class can take the form of lecture notes, recorded lectures, curated
videos, reading assignments, video broadcasts — any material that the teacher
assigns as relevant to the topic at hand.
to implement a flipped classroom
simple as it might seem, there are key elements of flipped classroom that you
should take note of. Let’s take a look at them.
an opportunity for learners to gain first exposure prior to class.
achieve this, your strategy can vary from simple textbook reading or writing
exercise (note copying) to lecture videos, podcasts or screen-casts. For
example, you can use a Learning Management System to provide access to your
notes and videos. This videos you can create or source it online (e.g. YouTube,
Khan Academy or other platforms). The pre-class exposure doesn’t have to be a
complicated task or high-tech activity. It could be just introductory notes or
an incentive for learners to prepare for class.
implemented the first step above, make sure that the task given is associated
with points which serves as an incentive. Grading for completion rather that
participation can be sufficient. This grading can be associated with their
a mechanism to access learners understanding.
tasks completed by the learners prior to class can help both learners and
teachers access understanding. The teacher can the tailor class activities on
areas where learners are struggling. If the task is automatically graded it can
help the learners note where they need help. Also, tasks such as writing
exercise can help the learners clarify their thinking about a subject, there by
producing richer in-class discussion.
is important to note that much of the feedback the learners need is provided in
class by the teacher also activities during class can serve as an initial check
on learner understanding (e.g. quiz, debate, classwork etc.)
engagements (In-class Activities) that focus on high level cognitive activities.
the learners gained basic knowledge outside the classroom, then they need to
spend class time to promote deeper learning. It is important that the teacher
have a learning goal for the class which would determine the learning
engagement. The focus is to use the class time to deepen the learners
understanding and increase their skill at using new knowledge.
there is no one model to flipped classroom strategy, the idea is to flip the
traditional instructional approach. With teacher centered videos and
interactive lessons, instruction that used to occur in class is now accessed at
home. The class then becomes a place to work through problems, advance concepts
and engage in collaborative learning.
that the instructional resources (videos, notes etc.) on their own isn’t
effective but how they are integrated into the overall approach is what makes
the difference. Learners can just copy notes or watch videos and be done with
it. It is important to check their notes and can require learners to come to
class with a question or something to discuss about on the topic for the day.
It might take a little while for the learners to adjust to the new system (flipped
classroom), but as time pass, learners would begin to ask better question and
think mode deeply about content.
of flipped classroom
the classroom enables educators to improve the classroom experience in a number
of ways. Let’s take a look at some.
classes allow learners to consume lecture materials at their own pace. Unlike
traditional lectures in which learners are beholden to the instructor’s pace, learners
in flipped classrooms can rewind and replay the video as many times as needed
in order to improve their understanding of difficult concepts.
apply new knowledge using the instructor as a resource. In traditional classroom
environments, learners usually apply new knowledge on their own through
homework. There are two problems with this traditional approach. First, learners
at home typically do not have access to resources for help or questions if any
problems arise. Second, when learners turn in incomplete or incorrect homework,
instructors have little insight into what went wrong. By bringing homework into
the classroom, learners are able to get help quickly, and teachers can identify
common problem areas in order to adjust material accordingly.
- It enables
learners to take charge of their learning and engage in active learning.
classroom enables teachers query learners understanding, probe for
misconceptions and correct incorrect notions.
creates time to work with individual learners especially the struggling ones.
helps learners who may have missed class to keep up because they can access
lesson videos and other resources at any time.
creates time for advance learners to learn independently.
forester better relationship, greater learner engagement and higher levels of
associated with the flipped classroom model
classroom relies heavily on technology. This might be problematic for the
learners and teachers who do not have access to the internet outside the
flipped classroom approach might not work for all lessons, don’t be tempted
into flipping them all.
places more responsibility on the learners and parents/guardian.
teacher may spend more time preparing than those who run a traditional
may deal with learner engagement issue, especially those who are unwilling to
complete their preparation work prior to the class thereby defeating the
purpose of the flipped classroom model.
- It might
be a lot of work implementing this strategy for elementary and middle school
learners but with careful planning and structure, it can be successful.
to effectively use the flipped classroom instructional approach to achieve
meaningful and impactful learning.
your instructional resources. You could create your own videos or source for
videos online. Make sure the content matches your curriculum. It is also
important to have a learning management system to keep all your resources
streamlined in on place and accessible to your learners.
creative with your videos and instructional resources to make learning
is important to let the learners and their parent/guardian know what a flipped
classroom is any why you are taking the approach and what is involved.
classroom depends on the learner’s participation (keeping up with the home
learning). Device a system that tracks and holds learners accountable. One way
to do this is by introducing short formative quizzes at the beginning of the
lesson to determine learners that carried out the pre-class task.
out a system that works for you so that lesson planning, preparing of
assessment and sourcing resources becomes a routine. Once you have this system
figured out, leverage it so that the focus can be on the learners.
flipped classroom model inspires teachers to offer a versatile and engaging way
to share learning resources/contents, while giving learners more control
regarding their learning process. PRODIGY
LEARNING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (PRODIGY-LMS), makes it easy to setup a flipped
classroom. To learn more, contact PRODIGY SCHOOL SOLUTION